www.pppinindia.gov.inPPP TOOLKIT
PPP TOOLKIT for Improving PPP
Decision-Making Processes

Start using the toolkit

The Toolkit is made up of three modules.

PPP Background module – this provides explanatory and reference material about PPPs. It will be of most interest to people who are fairly new to PPPs and to those who want a refresher on some of the main PPP concepts, such as risk and the common types of PPPs.

PPP Process module – this describes the process of developing a PPP through four Phases, from identification of potential PPP projects, to preparation and clearance, to procurement, and on to management of the PPP contract during the operational life of the PPP.

Tools and resources module – contains a set of decision-making tools to help PPP practitioners at important stages of the PPP Process. This module also contains downloads and links to other PPP resources, and a set of 15 case studies of PPP project experience in India.

How do I navigate?

Use the menu on the left of each page to navigate around the Toolkit. The Sitemap, available from the bottom of the menu on the left, also provides a convenient way of seeing all content in the Toolkit and navigating around.

The navigation banner at the top of the page tells you which sector you are viewing and which part of the Toolkit you are in.

In the PPP Process module, you can also navigate by clicking on the Process Maps. These show the process in a flow-diagram, making it easy to see where you are in relation to other parts of the process.

To quickly access the tools including your saved versions click on Go To My Tools.


This toolkit was developed for Department of Economic Affairs (Infrastructure), Ministry of Finance, Government of India.
The toolkit was developed under a non-lending technical assistance co-financed by AusAID through the South Asia Region Infrastructure for Growth Initiative, Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) and the World Bank.

Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India AusAID Public Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) World Bank
Core team members for the DEA
  • Mr. Govind Mohan, Joint Secretary, DEA
  • Ms. Aparna Bhatia, Director PPP Cell, DEA
  • Mr. Atul Garg, PPP Expert
  • Mr. Saji TD, MIS Expert
  • Mr. Prashant Bharadwaj, MIS Expert
  • Ms. Anjula Negi Sarin, PPP Expert
Toolkit development credits

A consortium of consultants, led by Economic Consulting Associates (ECA), was engaged by the World Bank to develop and produce the toolkit.

The toolkit concept, structure and content was conceived, developed and prepared by Economic Consulting Associates (ECA) of London, UK.

ECA also conceived and developed the toolkit’s PPP analysis, decision making and learning tools:
PPP Family Indicator, PPP Suitability Filter, PPP Mode Validation Tool, Financial Viability Indicator Models, VFM Indicator Tool, Readiness Filters and Process Maps.

Indian contextualisation and project assistance was provided by CRISIL Risk and Infrastructure Solutions Limited (CRIS), a subsidiary of CRISIL Limited, a Standard & Poor’s company.

Case studies of PPP experience in India were researched and prepared by CRIS.

Web design, web development and programming was by Cross Section Interactive (CSI), India.

Core development team members

Economic Consulting Associates (ECA)

  • Ray Tomkins, ECA Director, Team Leader
  • Shane Avers, PPP Financial Expert
  • William Derbyshire, PPP Capacity Building Advisor
  • Robert Arbon, Modelling Expert
  • Sophie Tremolet, PPP Expert Advisor (contributed initial insights)

CRISIL Risk and Infrastructure Solutions Limited (CRIS)

  • Pratyush Prashant, CRIS Director – Consulting, PPP Expert and Deputy Team Leader
  • Amit Vora, Financial Expert

Cross Section Interactive (CSI)

  • Rajat Berry, CSI Director and Web Development Team Leader
  • Amrish Tyagi, Senior Software Engineer
  • Sumit Makan, Senior Web Developer

This Toolkit has been prepared as a part of a PPP capacity building programme that is being developed by the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India (DEA) with funding support from the World Bank, AusAID South Asia Region Infrastructure for Growth Initiative and the Public Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF). A consulting consortium, consisting of ECA and CRIS, commissioned by the World Bank, has prepared this toolkit based on extensive external consultations.

ECA and CRIS have taken due care and caution in preparing the contents of this toolkit. The accuracy, adequacy or completeness of any information contained in this toolkit is not guaranteed and DEA, World Bank, AusAID or PPIAF is not responsible for any errors or omissions, or for the results obtained from the use of such information. While this toolkit has been prepared to provide useful guidance, it should not be considered as a substitute for the due diligence and project development process, expected in respect of a PPP project. Its contents should not be construed to be the opinion of the DEA, World Bank, AusAID or PPIAF. DEA is not liable for any direct, indirect, incidental or consequential damages of any kind whatsoever to the subscribers / users / transmitters / distributors of this toolkit.

The toolkit shall not be reproduced in any form, other than those intended by DEA, without prior written permission from DEA.

If you have any feedback or comments on the toolkit or if you have noticed an error please send a brief message to the development team by clicking here